A pond makes a great garden feature, as well as being a haven for many different types of wildlife. There are a few different ways you can go in terms of creating a pond within your garden and there are a range of different options to consider for individual ponds. This article will take you through how to create a pond for the garden.
Marking Out the Shape
When you decide you want to create a pond in your garden the first choice you need to make is where exactly you want to position it. Once you have made this initial step it’s wise to mark out the planned shape, considering your requirements; in general, it is actually easier to maintain larger ponds than smaller ones. You can use rope or string to map out the shape. The physical outline or shape of the pond is less important to wildlife than the depth, so the shape and location really depends on the look you’re going for aesthetically as opposed to practically.
Dig the Pond
Once you have marked out the shape, it is time to get digging. You can keep the unused turf to place around the edge of the pond at a later date, so just keep it to one side rather than disposing of any excess. A lot of garden wildlife need shallow water, so it is a good idea to make sure there is plenty of shallow water available in the pond; it’s recommended that a garden pond should be at least 50% shallow water. Make sure to use a spirit level to check the pond is level on all sides.
Lining is the most important part in ensuring the water actually stays in the pond. There are a few things you can do alongside adding a liner to make sure your pond is up to scratch. First of all, it is a good idea to compress the soil if you can. You can use Wacker plates to do this; it allows the soil to be compacted which holds water better than regular soil. Another step to take prior to lining the pond is to use an underlay first, then add the rubber liner.
The more patient among us could wait for the pond to fill with rainwater, however another option is to collect rainwater in your water butts and use this. It is advisable to avoid using a hose as the tap water is full of nutrients which isn’t safe for wildlife.
Wait for Wildlife
There is a lot of advice out there about how to attract wildlife to your pond, however in general just creating a pond and adding clean water is enough to bring the wildlife in. You can add your own plants in and around the pond; there is plenty of information available about which plants work great in garden ponds. If you are planning to stock your pond with fish, it is best to wait about month after planting to do so. Make sure when purchasing the fish that you buy specific pond fish!
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