The law says you must keep every part of your construction site in ‘good order’ and every place of work clean. The objective is to achieve what is usually called a good standard of ‘housekeeping’ across the site. Here, we provide a concise guide to make sure your waste management is run safely and efficiently.
What you need to know
Each year around 1000 trips or slips on construction sites involve someone fracturing bones or dislocating joints. Many of are caused simply because there is something in the person’s way, such as building materials or waste.
- Remember: sensible management of materials can reduce waste, reduce cost whilst improving site safety and helping to protect the environment.
- keep waste to a minimum by doing everything you reasonably can to prevent, reuse, recycle or recover waste (in that order) – get help to do this
- sort and store waste safely and securely
- complete a waste transfer note for each load of waste that leaves your premises
- check if your waste carrier is registered to dispose of waste
- not allow the waste carrier to dispose of your waste illegally (and report them to Crimestoppers if they do)
You have extra responsibilities if you’re dealing with hazardous waste.
What counts as business waste
Any waste that comes from a commercial activity is business waste. If you use part of your home to run your business then any waste from that part is business waste.
Business waste also includes any waste that comes from:
On all projects the arrangements for materials storage should be discussed and agreed between contractors and the project client. Larger notifiable projects should have arrangements for materials storage included in the Construction phase plan.
Top tips for materials storage on smaller projects:
- Storage areas – designate storage areas for plant, materials, waste, flammable substances eg foam plastics, flammable liquids and gases such as propane and hazardous substances eg pesticides and timber treatment chemicals;
- Pedestrian routes – do not allow storage to ‘spread’ in an uncontrolled manner on to footpaths and other walkways. Do not store materials where they obstruct access routes or where they could interfere with emergency escape;
- Flammable materials – will usually need to be stored away from other materials and protected from accidental ignition;
- Storage at height – if materials are stored at height eg on top of a container, make sure necessary guard rails are in place if people could fall when stacking or collecting materials or equipment;
- Tidiness – keep all storage areas tidy, whether in the main compound or on the site itself; and
- Deliveries – plan deliveries to keep the amount of materials on site to a minimum.
There is other legislation governing the proper disposal of waste, ranging from low risk waste through to hazardous waste . These laws are enforced by the Environment Agency and Local Authorities.
However, all waste produced can also present a real safety hazard to workers on site if it is not properly managed throughout the project. You need to decide at an early stage:
- How – wastes streams produced during building work will be managed in a timely and effective way; and
- Who – is responsible for collecting and disposal of specific wastes produced on site. Problems often arise when company and individual duties are not made clear before work starts.
Top tips for waste management on smaller projects:
- Flammable materials – make sure that all flammable waste materials (such as packaging and timber offcuts) are cleared away regularly to reduce fire risks;
- Work areas – make clearing waste a priority for all trades. Check that everyone is aware of what is required that it is being done;
- Skips – waste materials need storing safely before their removal from the site so make sure that you allow sufficient space for waste skips and bins etc. Plan where the skips can be positioned and how often they will need to be collected;
- Waste within buildings – consider waste generated inside the building and whether you need to provide wheeled bins or chutes etc. to enable it to be brought out of the building safely.
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